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General (Miguel Marquina CN/DCI)
QuestionHow do I post into a CERN newsgroup?
AnswerThe easiest is to use a Web browser (see
Choice of News Readers).
We recommend the usage of Netscape: Select the
``Netscape News'' under the ``Window'' menu and select the newsgroup
you want to post to on the left side; then click
``To: News'' and supply the Newsgroup name and the text.
CERNSP (Tony Cass CN/DCI)
QuestionSince the update of cernsp to AIX 4 my ``bin'' directory
has disappeared. Why ?
AnswerIf you look carefully, you will see that your bin directory is actually a
link to another directory, .@sys/bin:
[cernsp] ~ > ls -l bin
lrwxr-xr-x 1 cremel system ... bin -> @sys/bin
The @sys is interpreted by afs and allows the same directory name,
bin, to refer to directories that have to be different
on different architectures. The @sys name used for AIX in now
rs_aix41 rather than rs_aix32 and this change can affect
users in different ways:
N.B. Any users who need to use both AIX 3.2 and AIX 4.1 systems
should note that whilst programs compiled under AIX 3.2 will work
under AIX 4.1, any programs compiled under AIX 4.1 will not work
under AIX 3.2.
See also The `uco -home' Command.
QuestionThe Xterm font is now larger than before and I don't like it:
how can it be changed?
AnswerThe default font for an Xterm if you log in with XDM
is now the same on cernsp as for the hpplus and other
Work Group Server clusters. This font was chosen to be the easiest to read
on most terminals and also because it is available across
many platforms. We recognise it can be a little large for
some terminals and some work has been done to see if a better font can be
chosen. Any change in font, however, will be coordinated with a new
release of the HEPiX X11 environment.
If you do not like this font, then most users who have the default X
environment can set a new default by changing the
You need to add a line to this file like:
where "Erg14" is the font you like.
N.B. "Rom14" is a similar, serifed, medium
size font available for AIX systems; "fixed" is a small font,
often seen as the default. Please note that if you use systems other
than cernsp that you must choose a font that works on both systems!
If you do not already have an xclients file you can use the following
lines to change the font:
echo "XTerm*Font: Erg14" | xrdb -merge
See also Changing X Fonts.
QuestionI get the message
`Could not load library libtermcap.a[shr.o]'
when I start my program. What does this mean?
AnswerThe `termcap' library allows an application to have a standard
interface to a terminal to move the cursor, interpret function keys
and so on. This library is no longer supported in the standard AIX 4
at CERN as the `curses' library is recommended for
this functionality instead. If you have an application that generates
this error it must be linked with the `curses' library instead.
If you see this error for any application in /usr/local/bin
(or any other asis directory), please report the problem to the UCO.
From May 1st, NICE95, the Windows 95 environment at CERN, became
the recommended PC environment. Many users will be encouraged
to migrate NICE95. Below is a selection of questions
that have been asked at the UCO or have arisen from the NICE95
beta testers working group. More questions (with answers) regarding
NICE95 can be obtained via URL:
NICE 95 (Jason Oh CN/DCI)
QuestionWhere can I find documentation on NICE95?
- Paper Copies from the UCO and PC shop;
- from the NICE Network (
QuestionI have forgotten my (Novell/NDS) password on my PC, who can help me?
AnswerPlease contact the UCO by e-mail to email@example.com.
QuestionHow do I change my Network (Novell) password from
NICE95 (Windows 95)?
AnswerFrom the NICE95 task bar:
- Select start,
- then settings,
- next Control Panel,
- click on Passwords,
- select change other passwords and select NDS password;
you may also wish to change your screen saver password to the
Please note: it is recommended that you leave the windows
QuestionWhat can I do if I forget the local `Windows
Password' for NICE95?
AnswerIf the user becomes stuck after the NDS login because
he cannot remember his old `Windows Password' he should:
- Press `Cancel' at the `Windows Logon' dialogue
box. The user will then use the `Common profile' instead
of his private settings.
- Run ``
More Applications\System\ Recover local password'' from the start menu and select his login name.
At the next logon, he will be able to reset his password.
NOTE: The best way to avoid this problem is to leave the
`Windows Password' blank.
QuestionI have forgotten my password for Microsoft mail
(PC-mail) what can I do?
AnswerGo to the UCO (Building 513) or send an e-mail to
firstname.lastname@example.org and ask for your Novell password to be reset.
Resetting the Novell password also resets the Microsoft mail password.
However, whereas the Novell password is pre-expired and you are
forced to change it the MS mail password is not. So it must be
changed manually (we suggest to the same as your Novell password,
to make it easier to remember)
QuestionI would like to try out Windows 95, to hopefully
gain on my PC performance. Is this possible using DIANE?
AnswerThis is not possible through DIANE but it is possible
to create an installation disk from a NICE95 machine. Currently
the location is (though it is likely to change in the near future)
From Windows 95 start menu-More Applications -
System -PC Administration -
Create NICE95 installation Disk.
It is advisable to use a new floppy to
create a NICE95 installation disk.
As a precaution please backup your data files (but not any system
files since inadvertently restoring system files my corrupt the
QuestionI have used the Windows 3.1 backup program
`MWBACKUP' provided by Microsoft with the last versions of DOS.
But I cannot recuperate files with the backup program provided
by Microsoft for Windows 95. What should I do?
AnswerMWBACKUP can be made to run under Windows 95
and recuperate their files as follows:
From the directory
- copy all files with names starting with MWBACK to the C disk,
- copy the driver vfintd.386 to the C disk, say in
- in the system.ini file in section [386Enh] add:
QuestionHow can I determine how much space I have left
on my C drive (hard disk) from NICE95?
AnswerFrom the My Computer shortcut on the desktop
right click on the Local disk (C:) icon and select
Thu May 30 20:08:07 METDST 1996