Miguel Marquina IT/DCI
You may be confronting the problem of moving from a Macintosh to a PC environment for whatever reason; this article is intended purely to help you technically in that transition, in order that the change in your habits is made as smooth as possible.
One of the first things you will notice is that you require one additional step to make your PC really "yours". When you start your Mac, the disk, files and customisation are the ones you have set up. And this without further questions. You work straight on your Mac desktop. These are what is called "single-user" machines. A classical PC under Windows/95 would offer you the same, but the PC environment at CERN (NICE, which stands for "Network Integrated Computing Environment") has been organized such that your environment goes "with you" and not "with your computer". Somebody who has already computer accounts on other systems (UNIX, VXCERN, etc.) understands this. On all those "multi-user" Services, many people may work simultaneously on the same computer. The only way to achieve that and not having all user files mixed up is by having to enter an identifier (your "login-id" or "account") and an access key (called "login password"). It is like identifying yourself with your bank card and your pin code at the Cassamat.
So when you boot a PC at CERN set up under the NICE environment, it will first ask you to supply your "Network Login" and "Password". Afterwards you will be asked to supply a second password for your "Windows session"; this usually coincides with the first (certainly it does the first time you use your account).
Once you have succeeded in connecting, you will start seeing your files and environment. And this regardless of the location of the PC (whether it is the one at your office or somewhere else).
One corollary to the above: since you must connect to get to your files, you should remember to disconnect when not using your own PC, because otherwise you leave your files exposed for the next person who uses the machine. Using the same analogy as before, it would be like introducing the card at the Cassamat, keying your pin code and then leaving the machine unattended.
You must understand that the Mac and the PC are two different machines
and that programs (like graphics tools, text editors, database applications
If you understand this basic rule, you probably can save most of your work (since applications such as the above are also available on PCs under NICE). You simply have to copy the relevant documents. The basic steps follow.
In order to access it from your Mac, you need to know the location of your NICE `HomeDirectory'. One way is by finding the data about yourself using `Phone book', then clicking on `More Info'. The open window will show you `HomeDirectory: \\srv1_home\usr13\home...'.
The second method is by examining the configuration of your PC. Let us assume your NICE "login-id" is "Smith". You will see on your PC Desktop an icon called `My Computer'; if you double-click on it, you will see two disk icons labelled like:
`srv1_home... on '$nds' (G:)' `Smith on $nds\.srv1_home_usr13.... (J:)'or similar. The two parameters to note down are precisely the server `srv1_home' and the disk `USR13' where your "NICE Home" resides.
The easiest method to copy all your Mac documents to your PC is by dragging them into your NICE "folder". To do that:
A tip: you may find it convenient to set an alias to your NICE folder (by using `Make Alias' in the `File' menu) in order to shorten the above rather cumbersome connection procedure.
While the Macintosh system allows quite a flexible naming scheme using blanks and long names (>14 characters), and it knows internally how to associate documents to their originating applications, the PC is more strict and requires you to assign special extensions to the PC files in order to activate the right application. Here follows a non-exhaustive list:
Document Type Mac File should be called on your PC WORD f f.doc EXCEL f f.xls COREL DRAW f f.cdr HTML (WWW) f f.htmWhen copying your Mac files, please avoid national characters in their names (e.g. by renaming them first). The way in which those characters are treated by the two machines is different, and it may be afterwards practically impossible to manipulate the files with standard PC tools and commands.
Now that you have started using your PC, you would like to get all your
QuickMail messages delivered to the new system of your choice; this could
be your own PC, or
perhaps an account on one of the Central Services. In any case, you must
start by having the new e-mail address that you will use from now on. Let
us assume that you ask for an account at the Central "Mail Server" and
that you will use
`PC/pine' from your PC to connect to it.
new e-mail address will be `firstname.lastname@example.org'.
You have to program QuickMail to forward a COPY of your incoming mail (an original will always stay at your QuickMail account) as follows:
Finally, test what you have done. If you send an e-mail to your QM address (or ask a friend to do it for you), you should find the original at your QM mailbox and a copy sent to your new address `email@example.com'.